All these people contributed to the rich culture of Egypt.For centuries, the majority of arable land in Egypt was possessed by a select few.
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Situated in northeast Africa, Egypt (known since 1971 as the Arab Republic of Egypt) occupies an area of 390,000 square miles (1,010,100 sq. With 90 percent of the land covered by desert, only a small portion of it, about 14,000 square miles, is arable, and it is here that the majority of Egyptians live.
Egypt is bordered by Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, the Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
This land was worked by the fellahin, who wielded two to three crops each season, usually keeping one-fourth to one-half of the harvest for themselves.
Agricultural reform did not take place until the latter half of the nineteenth century, when Egyptians began to grow cotton in an attempt to establish a market economy rather than simply growing food products.
With the closing of pagan temples in the 5th century, knowledge of hieroglyphic writing was lost, and the script remained undeciphered throughout the medieval and early modern period.
The decipherment of hieroglyphs would only be solved in the 1820s by Jean-François Champollion, with the help of the Rosetta Stone.
But in 1517 the army in a short occupation of the country.
The French occupation, which ended in 1801, marked the first time a European power had conquered and occupied Egypt, and it set the stage for further European involvement.
Egyptians view nepotism favorably because it demonstrates that the person bestowing favor is taking care of his family above all others.
Egyptians take honor seriously and consider a verbal agreement binding, as to go back on your word would be disgraceful.
During Egypt's height, its people thrived in the Nile valley; they constructed massive pyramids, created world-renowned art, established an advanced writing system, made advancements in science, built irrigation systems, and developed trade with Middle Eastern and Asian powers. C., the Egyptian empire had begun to decay and again divided into Upper and Lower kingdoms—that of the delta and that of the river.