"The administration of or use by a competing athlete of any substance foreign to the body or any physiologic substance taken in abnormal quantity or taken by an abnormal route of entry into the body with the sole intention of increasing in an artificial and unfair manner his/her performance in competition.
When necessity demands medical treatment with any substance which, because of its nature, dosage, or application is able to boost the athlete's performance in competition in an artificial and unfair manner, this too is regarded as doping." In 1886, a Welsh cyclist is popularly reputed to have died after drinking a blend of cocaine, caffeine and strychnine, supposedly in the Bordeaux–Paris race.
I didn't know what to do, so I decided to shave my head without telling other band members or my agency.
While the tax deferral benefits of 401(k) plans and traditional IRA accounts are well known and widely discussed, the asset protection benefits of retirement assets receive less attention.
The potential legal advantages of keeping a portion of your net worth in a retirement plan are extremely compelling, regardless of your age. has noted that Armstrong had done a lot of asset planning in his career, including establishing trusts, to help shield his assets.
On Sheryl Crow’s farm, sipping PG Tips in the singer’s Mc Mansion-like home, there are many things to discuss.
Things such as this 50-acre spread half-an-hour’s drive from Nashville, the result of a 20-year career in which she has sold upwards of 35 million records.
In the event of a personal bankruptcy or legal liability, certain retirement assets can remain protected from creditors. Simpson was found liable in civil court for the deaths of Ronald Goldman and Nicole Brown Simpson. has less use for his lifetime income now that he is locked away in a Nevada prison, the retirement assets will stay with him. While much of his net worth is still potentially exposed to the claims of creditors, Armstrong’s retirement assets are likely at least partially shielded from creditors’ claims.
The protection of retirement assets has played out in several real-life examples. As a result of the court’s verdict, Simpson was ordered to pay over million in compensation to the Goldman and Brown families. Simpson still owns a defined benefit plan from the NFL, valued at over million. J.’s million liability, under ERISA law the former star’s defined benefit plan is protected from the Goldman and Brown families. Cyclist Lance Armstrong has fallen hard after admitting to doping while winning seven Tour de France titles. While the lawsuits remain ongoing, his retirement assets will likely stay out of reach from the courts.
"As an original member of AKB48, I am supposed to set an example for the junior members," she continues.
"But I was thoughtless and showed a lack of self-awareness.
Thus the list contains doping incidents, those who have tested positive for illegal performance-enhancing drugs, prohibited recreational drugs or have been suspended by a sports governing body for failure to submit to mandatory drug testing.