But I must tell you, to IMF officials, all of these crises looked depressingly similar.
Each country, of course, needed a loan, but more than that, each needed to make big changes so that the loan could really work.
Typically, your “clients” come in only after private capital has abandoned them, after regional trading-bloc partners have been unable to throw a strong enough lifeline, after last-ditch attempts to borrow from powerful friends like China or the European Union have fallen through. The reason, of course, is that the IMF specializes in telling its clients what they don’t want to hear.
Existing measures of state-level educational policy have limited effects on the strength of the linkages.
Evidence from a sample of siblings suggests that the linkages might be largely due to family fixed effects.
Based on these observations we have argued in Hornstein, Kudlyak, and Lange (2014) for an alternative measure of resource utilization in the labor market, a non-employment index, which is more comprehensive than the standard unemployment rate.
In this article we show how the NEI fits into recent extensions of the matching function which is a standard macroeconomic approach to model labor markets with frictions, how it affects estimates of the extent of labor market frictions, and how these frictions have changed in the Great Recession.
The linkages persist after controlling for parental income.
The linkages are stronger in cities with lower intergenerational income mobility, implying that common factors might drive both.Applicants looking for work with the grocery store need to possess some knowledge of organic goods, food allergens, and popular brand names in addition to general grocery knowledge in order to best serve the ethnic cross-sections of patrons who frequent the Southwest supermarket.Applicants must also frequently possess the ability to speak both English and Spanish in order to work at Vons.In practice it lies with Her Majesty’s ministers, who hold power by virtue of commanding a majority in the House of Commons, and so ultimately it is – in constitutional theory – the people who are sovereign.Because of our uncodified constitution, there is no limit to the power of the House of Commons except those that it chooses to impose upon itself.It means supreme power, and usually refers to that in a nation state.